Isro has launched 129 satellites of Indian origin since 1975

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has launched a total of 129 satellites of Indian origin and 342 foreign satellites belonging to 36 countries since 1975, said Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State (independent charge) of science and technology.

Of the total foreign satellites, 39 are commercial satellites and the rest are nano-satellites.

Furthermore, Singh said in a written response to Rajya Sabha, India has a total of 53 operational satellites in space providing various identified services to the nation.

A total of 21 of them are communications satellites, eight are navigation satellites, 21 are Earth observation satellites and three are science satellites.

“Satellite data and services are used to benefit various sectors in the country. These include television broadcasting, direct-to-home broadcasting, ATMs, mobile communications, tele-education, tele-medicine and advisories on weather, pest infestations, agro -meteorology and potential fishing areas,” the minister said.

“Satellite data is also used for agricultural production estimation, crop intensification and agricultural drought assessment, wasteland inventory, identification of groundwater prospecting areas, adequacy of inland aquaculture and disaster risk reduction,” he added.

Singh informed that ISRO plans to launch more satellites to further improve operational applications and meet the needs of emerging applications and ministerial requirements of users in the country.

“Many apps have actually been adopted by relevant departments for operational use,” he said, listing the apps.

He said the technology has been effectively used by India’s National Center for Ocean Information Services (MoES) Potential Fishing Area Forecast and Ocean State Forecast, Forecasting area under cultivation and production and the National Agricultural Drought Assessment and Monitoring System by the Mahalanobis National Crop Forecasting Center. , (MoA&FW), Biennial Forest Cover Assessment by Forest Survey of India (MoEF&CC), Irrigation Infrastructure Assessment by Central Water Commission (Ministry of Jal Shakti), Weather Forecast by Indian Meteorological Department (MoES) , Groundwater Prospecting and Appropriate Recharge Locations’ Mapping (Ministry of Jal Shakti), Integrated Watershed Management Program & MGNREGA by MoRD.

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